From Mattressman Wiki
Mattresses can have a range of different finishes which can affect the overall quality, feel, and lifespan on the mattress.
The majority of mattresses will be quilted or tufted, with these being the most common two methods.
|Micro Quilting/Panel Quilting||Hand Tufting||Damask Cover|
| A micro-quilted finish is created by stitching the mattress and fillings together, creating a patterned comfort quilt layer.
Panel Quilting is a similar method, stitching the fillings together to create a quilted comfort layer, but with larger fabric panels.
|Hand Tufting is where tapes are passed all the way through the mattress at regular intervals, and secured at each end. This prevents loose fillings from being dislodged, and gives the fillings a plump surface.||Hardwearing and very soft, damask is a woven cloth that usually is patterned. It is used as a surface material on mattresses. As damask is a woven cloth, it has great breathability and reduces humidity build up.|
|Knitted Cover||Pillow Top||Handles|
|Knitted mattress covers are commonly used on foam and latex mattresses, due to the stretchy, knitted nature of the fabric stretching to fit the moulding of the mattress. Knitted covers have brilliant breathing qualities.||Pillow top mattresses feature an extra layer of soft, pillow-like material on top of the standard mattress construction, and are attached to the top of the mattress.||Handles are attached to the border of the mattress, and are added to aid turning and rotating the mattress. Handles are often a sign of a quality mattress.|
|Vents||Removable Covers||Hand Side Stitching|
|Vents are situated on the border of the mattress, and promote airflow and release of humidity from the mattress.|| These are very convenient as they can be unzipped for cleaning or replacement.
These are most common with foam mattresses.
|Hand Stitching is a labour intensive process that creates a much firmer edge to pocket sprung mattresses, reducing side sag. This is only used on top-quality mattresses, and ensures that the mattress will remain of a high quality for years to come.|
|Rod Edge||Foam Encapsulated Sides|
|Rod Edged Mattresses have a metal rod around the perimeter to increase lifespan and quality.||A high density foam surrounds the edge of the mattress, which extends the sleeping space. This is used in memory foam mattresses, to give it that extra bit of quality.|